About Investigations


Specialized Resources for Investigators

The Role of Law Enforcement/Investigations

The primary role of law enforcement (in sexual assault cases) is to investigate a reported crime, gather the facts and forward that information to the prosecutor to make a determination about charging a case. According to a survey of law enforcement, Minnesota sex crimes investigators generally adhere to this philosophy, by referring nearly every sexual assault case they investigate to the prosecutor's office for consideration of charges. This may happen informally in many instances, with the investigator calling the prosecutor to describe the case or more formally with a police report, case synopsis, and full transcripts of all statements. Whatever the procedure, the practititioners should be clear on their roles and the importance of the balance of perspectives gained through collaboration.

Other roles include helping provide for victims' safety by enforcing/monitoring no contact orders issued by a civil or criminal court, aiding in victims' participation in the system by referring to appropriate services, and giving necessary information.

The Art Of Interviewing by Sgt. Umpierre

Sample Protocol/Policies

Police Response to Crimes of Sexual Violence

produced by PCAR/The Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape

 Minnesota Sample Protocols:

Advisory: Each sample protocol below has been developed by a community-based sexual assault multidisciplinary, multi-agency team using the 8-Step Protocol Development Cycle. The result is a document that arises out of a specific community at a specific point-in-time, representing the agreements the participating agencies negotiated at the time of publication. Each team makes a commitment to train on their protocols and evaluate the success of implementation. They use an on-going cycle to assess and improve their response, which often means reviewing and revising protocols.

These documents are being shared for the purpose of showing examples of what such teams can develop. Good results arise as much from the dynamic collaboration among agencies in developing protocol as they do from implementing such documents. For this reason, we strongly advise that other agencies or teams develop their own protocols unique to their situations. The same results will not occur from adopting someone else’s protocol.

B-SMART Team Law Enforcement Protocol

Itasca County Law Enforcement Protocol

Ramsey County Law Enforcement Protocol

Rice County Law Enforcement Protocol

Important Links

Police Executive Research Forum

The International Association of Chiefs of Police 

End Violence Against Women International 

The Office on the Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice 

Fact Sheets on Investigations

For SVJI Fact Sheets related to the investigation of sexual assault click here.


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